IFPAA Baseball Rules Matrix

Age:

 

5-6

7

8

9

10

11-12

League:

 

T-Ball

Instructional League

Junior League

Pinto League

Mustang League

Little League

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHILOSOPHY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginner program. First opportunity for organized sports. Introduction to basic skills and team concepts.

Supplemental program. Efforts continue to enhance and refine basic skills and concepts.

Transitional program. Several more advanced skills are introduced and phased in.

Transitional program. Existing skills are refined while new skills and more complex strategies are introduced.

Real baseball. Full array of skills and strategies come together and are used and taught in detail.

Real baseball. All skills and strategies further developed and practiced in greater detail with much repetition.

SUMMARY

 

      

 

 

Hitting, running, fielding and throwing are taught. Emphasis is on teamwork and fun. League is non-competitive, winning is downplayed. There are specially developed "Little Childrens' Rules", which allow for maximum playing time and experience for all.

Catcher is introduced and rover eliminated to encourage more strategy and field awareness. Teamwork and fun continue to be emphasized. The competitive level is a little bit higher, but winning is still downplayed. "Little Childrens' Rules" are still in effect.

Child pitching is introduced and phased in. Fielding skills become more detailed and strategic as realistic game situations are taught and experienced. Competition again increases a little. "Little Childrens' Rules" not in effect, but extensive playing time is guaranteed.

Fielding techniques for specific positions are stressed and taught, real game situations are practiced. Stealing and bunting are phased in. Much playing time is guaranteed. Games are more competitive - winning is somewhat more emphasized and standings are kept.

Complete package of baseball skills are utilized for the first time. Greater practice time is needed as consistency and experience is stressed. A fairly high amount of playing time is still guaranteed. Level of competition is high.

Youth baseball at its highest level. Much practice time is needed, detailed game situations and finer points of positioning and anticipation are emphasized. Experience and awareness are stressed and reinforced. A fairly high amount of playing time is still intended. Level of competition is very high.

FIELD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bases

 

50 feet

50 feet

55 feet

60 feet

60 feet

60 feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pitcher Area

 

Line

Circle

Circle

Rubber with 15' circle

Mound/Rubber

Mound/Rubber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distance to Plate

 

40 feet

45 feet

45 feet

46 feet

46 feet

46 feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halfway Lines

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Batter's Box

 

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foul Arc

 

15 feet

15 feet

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overthrow Lines

 

10 feet past foul

10 feet past foul

10 feet past foul

Field ground rules

Field ground rules

Field ground rules

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outfield Line

 

30 feet past bases

30 feet past bases

30 feet past bases

None

None

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outfield Fence

 

None

Fence/hillside - 110 feet

None

None

Fence - 180 feet

Fence - 200 feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EQUIPMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ball

 

1S T-Ball (Soft)

1S T-Ball (Soft)

5S RIF Ball(Intermediate)

LL Baseball (Hard)

LL Baseball (Hard)

LL Baseball (Hard)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bats

 

Any

Any

Any

33" x 2 1/4" maximum

33" x 2 1/4" maximum

33" x 2 1/4" maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tee

 

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bases

 

Flat, throw-down

Pop-up

Pop-up

Pop-up

Pop-up

Pop-up

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shoes

 

No Metal Cleats

No Metal Cleats

No Metal Cleats

No Metal Cleats

No Metal Cleats

No Metal Cleats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hat

 

Provided

Provided

Provided

Provided

Provided

Provided

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shirt

 

Provided - must be returned

Provided - must be returned

Provided - must be returned

Provided - must be returned

Provided - must be returned

Provided - must be returned

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pants

 

Must be purchased separately

Must be purchased separately

Must be purchased separately

Must be purchased separately

Must be purchased separately

Must be purchased separately

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ROSTER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Team Makeup

 

Neighborhood

Neighborhood

Neighborhood

Draft

Draft

Draft

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roster Size

 

11-13

11-12

11-12

10-11

9-11

9-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Batters

 

Full roster

Full roster

Full roster

Full roster

Full roster

Full roster

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Fielders

 

Full roster

Full roster

10

10

9

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Infielders

 

6

5

5

5

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Outfielders

 

4-7

4-6

4

4

3

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catcher

 

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rover

 

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Required Field Play

 

All kids play at all times, playing time is equal.

All kids play at all times, playing time is equal.

5 innings minimum, but playing time is equal.

5 innings minimum, but playing time is equal.

4 innings minimum, but playing time is nearly equal.

2 innings is LL minimum, but nearly equal time is intended.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infield/Outfield Rotation

 

Infield - 2 innings minimum Outfield - 1 inning minimum

Infield - 2 innings minimum Outfield - 1 inning minimum

Infield - 2 innings minimum Outfield - 2 innings minimum

Infield - 1 inning minimum Outfield - 1 inning minimum

Infield - 1 inning minimum Outfield - 1 inning minimum

None required

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Position Limits

 

2 innings at any position, except Pitcher and First Base, which are 1 inning each.

1 inning at any position, except2 innings at Catcher.

2 innings at any position, except as constrained by pitching limits.

3 innings maximum

4 innings maximum, except pitcher.

None, except pitcher

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Substitution

 

Everyone plays

Everyone plays

Free

Free

Free

Free

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PARENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manager Limit

 

No limit

2 Co-managers

2 Co-managers

1

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Coaches

 

All help encouraged

Unrestricted

Unrestricted

Unrestricted

3 on the field

2 on the field

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fielder Coaches

 

Yes

2, for the first half season

Discouraged

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Batter Coaches

 

Yes

If needed

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Umpires

 

Parents

Parents

Parents

IFPAA paid

IFPAA paid

IFPAA paid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Innings

 

4

5

6

6

6

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outs per Inning

 

3

3

3

3

3

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Run Limit per Inning

 

5

5 - with continuation of play

6 or lineup

Lineup

Lineup

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surrender Rule

 

None

None

None

None

None

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extra Innings

 

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time Limit

 

1 1/2 hour target

2 Hour

2 Hour

Depends on field schedule

Depends on field schedule

Depends on field schedule

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BATTER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pitch Limit

 

3 pitches

5 pitches or 3 swings

None

None

None

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Called Pitches

 

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tee Option

 

After pitch limit reached

After pitch limit reached

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strikeouts

 

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Strikes for Out

 

N/A

N/A

4

3

3

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walks

 

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Balls for Walk

 

N/A

N/A

N/A

4

4

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# Balls (Bases Loaded)

 

N/A

N/A

N/A

4 consecutive

4

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bunting

 

No

No

No

Phased in

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bat Throw Warning

 

1 per at bat

1 per at bat

1 per batter

1 per team

1 per team

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catcher Interference

 

N/A

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RUNNERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leads

 

No

No

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stealing

 

No

No

No

Phased in

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stealing Home

 

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interference

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overthrows

 

No extra base

No extra base

1 base awarded with halfway line, runner can not score

1 base awarded with halfway line

2 bases

LL Rule 7.05g

2 bases

LL Rule 7.05g

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tagging Up

 

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avoid Contact Rule

 

None

Yes

None

Yes

LL Rule 7.08a3

Yes

LL Rule 7.08a3

Yes

LL Rule 7.08a3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FIELDERS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Start Position

 

Infielders at normal positions, outfielders behind outfield line.

Infielders at normal positions, outfielders behind outfield line.

Outfielders 30 feet past bases.

Outfielders 30 feet past bases.

No restriction

No restriction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Play Stoppage

 

Putout, overthrow, or throw toward home or to the umpire stops play.

Infielder must control and hold ball, throw to coach pitcher or overthrow stops play.

Child pitcher controls ball in the circle, runners voluntarily stop, or overthrow stops play.

Pitcher must control ball in the circle to stop play.

Pitcher must control ball on the pitching rubber.

No automatic play stoppage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infielder Running to Base to Make Play Singlehandedly

 

Players strongly encouraged to throw to base with fielder there to teach proper technique.

Players strongly encouraged to throw to base with fielder there to teach proper technique.

Players encouraged to make throws to proper base.

No restriction

No restriction

No restriction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outfielder Making a Play at a Base

 

No outfielder can make a play at any base.

Outfielders can make assists at bases, but not putouts.

Outfielders can make assists at bases, but not putouts.

No restriction

No restriction

No restriction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infield Fly Rule

 

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PITCHING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coach or Child

 

Coach

Coach

Coach to child transition

Child

Child

Child

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starting Position

 

Pitcher line (child)

Circle (child)

Circle (child)

Pitching rubber

Pitching rubber

Pitching rubber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pitch Limits per Game

 

N/A

N/A

N/A

None

None

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inning Limits per Game

 

N/A

N/A

1-2

2-3

3

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hit Batter Limits

 

N/A

N/A

2

2

2 per inning, 3 per game

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inning Limits per Week

 

N/A

N/A

2-4

4-6

6

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coach Relief of Child Pitcher

 

N/A

N/A

After 5 Balls, coach relieves pitcher. Fifth time is automatic removal of pitcher.

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balks

 

N/A

N/A

No

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RECORDS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scorekeeping

 

Yes, but not stressed

Yes, but not stressed

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standings

 

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Playoffs

 

No

Yes - all teams

Yes - all teams

Yes - all teams

Yes - all teams

Yes - all teams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Player Evaluation

 

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All-Stars

 

T-Ball Olympics

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fee

 

$55

$55

$55

$75

$75

$75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clinics

 

Player and coach clinics before and during season

Player and coach clinics before and during season

Player and coach clinics before and during season

Player and coach clinics before and during season

Player and coach clinics before and during season

Player and coach clinics before and during season

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tournament Teams (Traveling Teams)

 

No

No

First opportunity for tournament play, all players generally accepted if possible.

Local teams, selected by tryouts.

Williamsport team chosen by player votes. Local teams selected by tryouts.

Williamsport team chosen by player votes. Local teams selected by tryouts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summer Rec Ball

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fall Baseball

 

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Called Game

 

At manager discretion

Losing team must bat 3 innings

Losing team must bat 4 innings

Losing team must bat 4 innings

Losing team must bat 4 innings

Losing team must bat 4 innings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Call-ups

 

No

Yes, from T-Ball

Yes, from Instructional League

Yes, from Junior League

Yes, from Pinto League

Yes, from Mustang League


Last Updated on 4/28/2002
By Robert F. Murphy
Email:
murphy@cmu.edu